Story of America

The Story of America

Story-of-AmericaJames Madison wrote that “a people who mean to be their own governors must be armed with the power that knowledge gives”.

The founders knew that only an educated populace, jealous of their rights, would be strong enough to resist the usurpation of their liberties by government. Today many people know nothing of our true history, or the source of our rights. We believe that’s part of the reason our country is in such a mess.

The mission of The Federalist Papers Project is to get people the history they never got in school, to arm them with the power that knowledge gives, and to motivate them to push back at the erosion of our liberties and restore constitutionally limited small government.

The links below represent our ever growing collection of books and source documents designed to tell the Story of America without the filter of either the public education system or the media.

To make it easy to go through our content each section below also has it’s own separate page accessible through the navigation menu.

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The Story of America

Founding Influences

Commentaries-On-The-Laws-Of-England-Volume-One-Book-CoverCommentaries on the Laws of England by William Blackstone – Perhaps the most important legal treatise ever written in the English language, Blackstone’s Commentaries was the first effort to consolidate English common law into a unified and rational system.

Essay Concerning Human Understanding by John LockeAn Essay Concerning Human Understanding concerns the foundation of human knowledge and understanding. Locke describes the mind at birth as a blank slate filled later through experience.

Essay on Crimes and Punishment by Cesare Becarria – Beccaria’s influential Essay On Crimes and Punishments is considered a foundation work in the modern field of criminology.

History of the Roman Republic by Theodore Mommsen – Thoroughly referenced with a wealth of primary sources from great Roman writers such as Cicero and Plutarch, The History of the Roman Republic is essential reading for those interested in the history of the Ancient world and its legacy.

Letter Concerning Toleration by John Locke – John Locke’s “Letter” is one of the most under appreciated texts in the liberal tradition of political philosophy. When read in conjunction with his Second Treatise, it clarifies the relationship Locke envisions between individuals and the state.

Magna Carta – The Magna Carta eventually served as the foundation for the English system of common law. Later generations of Englishmen would celebrate the Magna Carta as a symbol of freedom from oppression, as would the Founding Fathers who in 1776 looked to the charter as a historical precedent for asserting their liberty from the English crown.

Reasonableness of Christianity by John Locke – In The Reasonableness of Christianity Locke considered what it was to which all Christians must assent in faith; he argued that the answer could be found by anyone for themselves in the divine revelation of Scripture alone. He maintained that the requirements of Scripture were few and simple, and therefore offered a basis for tolerant agreement among all Christians, and the promise of peace, stability, and security through toleration.

Some Thoughts Concerning Education by John LockeLocke does not present a systematic theory of education, and the work reads more like an instruction manual than a philosophical text. Locke’s is convinced that moral education is more important than other kinds of education. The goal of education, in his view, is not to create a scholar, but to create a virtuous man.

Spirit of the Laws by Baron de Montesquieu – The ideas laid forth by Montesquieu in this work, especially that of balancing power among branches of government, had a prominent influence on the American Constitution.

Story of Liberty by Charles Carleton Coffin – The Story of Liberty covers a period of five hundred years, and is an outline of the march of the human race from Slavery to Freedom.

The Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli – Machiavelli composed The Prince as a practical guide for ruling. The Prince is not particularly theoretical or abstract; its prose is simple and its logic straightforward.

Treatise Of Human Nature by David Hume – Hume began writing the treatise at the age of sixteen, finishing the work ten years later. Many scholars today consider it to be Hume’s most important work.

Two Treatises of Government by John Locke – This text laid the foundation for modern forms of democracy and for the Constitution of the United States.

Utopia by Thomas More – Utopia by Thomas More offers a criticism of European society at the time, offers a model against which that society can be measured and perhaps repaired but the book ultimately concludes that the only way to perfection is through Christianity and the coming of Christ.

Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith – Adam Smith’s masterpiece, first published in 1776, is the foundation of modern economic thought and remains the single most important account of the rise of, and the principles behind, modern capitalism.

Colonial America


America’s Appeal to the World – In this very interesting short booklet, Moses Mather, makes the case for the American rebellion and appeals to the world for help.

Bay Psalm Book – The first book written and printed in the New World, The Bay Psalm Book holds a unique place in our cultural and religious history. Richard Mather and a group of his fellow New England clergy transcribed biblical psalms into metered verse.

Christian Life and Character of the Civil Institutions by B.F Morris – A detailed look at the founding of our country from a Christian perspective and makes extensive use of original source documents.

Colonial America by George P. Fisher – This volume tells the tale of the American colonies from conception to the Intolerable Acts of 1765.

Colonial Immigration Laws by Emberson E. Proper – We find the genesis of American cosmopolitanism in the early charters granted to the colonizing companies, which gave the promoters permission to transport not only liege subjects, but all such strangers as might be willing to present themselves.

Columbus And the New World by James W. Buel – The story of Columbus is at once an epic and an elegy; a narration of bold conception, persistent courage, heroic attainment, mingled with the gall of national ingratitude and the malevolence of personal jealousies.

Colonial Furniture in America by Luke Vincent Lockwood – The object of the present volume is to furnish the collector, and other persons interested in the subject of American colonial furniture, with a trustworthy handbook on the subject.

Founding of a Nation; The Story of the Pilgrim Fathers – Volume One by Frank M. Gregg – This story is a narrative-history of the Pilgrims of Plymouth.

Founding of a Nation; The Story of the Pilgrim Fathers – Volume Two by Frank M. Gregg – Part Two

George Whitfield – Field Preacher by James Paterson Gledstone – Whitfield was one of the most widely recognized public figures in colonial America. The greatness of Whitfield’s labors is not easily realized, and not even a three-volume life could outline it. One month’s labors are recorded in this brief sentence—”he preached to ten thousand persons every day for twenty-eight days”.

Great Awakening of 1740 by Rev. Frederic L. Chapell – The chief religious fact of the eighteenth century, the great revival of spiritual religion, is usually termed the Great Awakening of 1740, because its chief intensity, in this country, culminated about that time.

Great Awakening by Joseph Tracy – The Great Awakening carried profound consequences for the future. It was the first experience shared by large numbers of people throughout all the American colonies, and therefore contributed to the growth of a common American identity.

Historical Documents 1000 A.D  – 1900 – Read in succession these documents afford a condensed view of the political progress of the American people; freed from any prejudice save  that which swayed the makers of the history themselves.

King Philip’s War by George M. Bodge – The basis of the main body of the work, the services of the soldiers in Philip’s War, is drawn from the ancient account books of Mr. John Hull, Treasurer-at-war of Massachusetts Colony, from 1675-1678.

Life and Times of Roger Williams – Roger Williams was famous as a leader of the Rhode Island Colony. Roger Williams (1603 – 1683) was a Puritan dissident and theologian who left England to migrate to the New World. He was a supporter of religious freedom and the separation of church and state.

Life of Margaret Winthrop by Alice M. Earle – Margaret Tyndal Winthrop (1591 – 1647) was  the wife of John Winthrop, the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The pair are notable for the survival and character of the love-letters which they wrote to each other in which the couple put their love of God before their love of each other.

Mayflower CompactThe Mayflower Compact, signed by 41 English colonists on November 11, 1620, was the first written framework of government established in what is now the United States. The compact was drafted to prevent dissent amongst Puritans and non-separatist Pilgrims who had landed at Plymouth a few days earlier.

Narratives of the Witchcraft Cases – Culminating in the notorious Salem witch trials of 1692, a rising tide of witchcraft hysteria flooded the Puritan communities of 17th-century New England. This volume recaptures the voices from both sides of the controversy with 13 original narratives by judges, ministers, the accused, and others involved in the trials and persecution of the accused.

Pilgrim’s Progress by John Bunyan – Pilgrim’s Progress is a great work of English literature. Originally composed in the 17th century and written while Bunyan was imprisoned for conducting un-authorized religious services outside the Church of England. This spiritual allegory has entertained and delighted in-numerous readers for over 300 years.

Some Fruits of Solitude by William Penn – Fruits of Solitude is a mine of pithy comment upon human life.

The Revolution

The-Boys-Of-1776-Book-CoverArticles of Association of 1774 – The Articles of Association were dated October 20, 1774 and were the foundations leading to the Declaration of Independence.

Battle of Lexington by Frank W. Coburn – Men were slain in Lexington, and in Concord; but there were many others slain in Lincoln, in Arlington, in Cambridge, and in Somerville. Nor should we forget the youngest martyr of the day, but fourteen years of age, who fell in Charlestown.

Biographical Sketches of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence by B.J. Lossing – There are lessons of deep, abiding interest, and of inestimable value, to be learned in studying the lives of the men who risked their all to secure the blessed inheritance of free institutions which we now enjoy.

Boys of 1776 by Charles Carleton Coffin – In this volume an attempt has been made to give a concise, plain, and authentic narrative of the principal battles of the Revolution as witnessed by those who took part in them.

Declaration of Independence: A Study on the History of Political Ideas by Carl L. Becker – Carl L. Becker’s important study is an analysis of the concepts expressed in the Declaration. His book is a lucid explanation of what the Declaration really is, what views it sets forth, where those views arose, and how they have been accepted or modified by succeeding generations.

Diary of the American Revolution – by Frank Moore – The materials found in “Diary of the American Revolution” are taken from Whig and Tory newspapers, published during the American Revolution, private diaries, and other contemporaneous writings. They present to the student of this day the same view the readers of the revolutionary period enjoyed, the manners and customs of the people, and the moral and religious, as well as political features of the time.

Eve Of The Revolution by Carl L. Becker – The Eve of The American Revolution takes a look at the events leading up to the American Revolution and explores the ideas of Natural Rights versus the divine right of Kings.

Founding Plays by Catherine McGrew Jaime – These two plays can be read aloud in a class of any size, or read silently by one or more students. If you have fewer students than the “characters” shown here – simply combine parts as needed.

History of the American Revolution by Mercy Otis Warren – This work is an exciting and comprehensive study of the events of the American Revolution, from the Stamp Act Crisis of 1765 through the ratification of the Constitution in 1788-1789.

History of The Declaration of Independence by John Hazelton – This work is offered to the American people not only in the hope that it may be welcomed as a readable and reliable history of the Declaration of Independence but in the hope that it may in some degree tend to keep alive in their hearts the love of Liberty that possessed the Fathers.

Letters from a Farmer In Pennsylvania by John Dickinson – Though conciliatory in tone, his Letters from A Farmer in Pennsylvania made clear that Britain’s policies were wrong and deprived the colonies of their lawful rights. Ultimately, Letters from a Farmer urge united action on the part of the colonists.

Naval Battles of the Revolution by John Low – The naval operations of the American Revolutionary War divide themselves naturally into two periods.

Negroes in the American Army of the Revolution by George H. Moore – It has been estimated that at least 5,000 black soldiers fought on the patriot side during the Revolutionary War.

Orators of the American Revolution by E.L. Magoon – This work presents the oratorical features of the American Revolution.

Pulpit of the American Revolution” by John W. Thornton – The true alliance between Politics and Religion is the lesson inculcated in this volume of Sermons, and apparent in its title, The Pulpit of the Revolution. It is the voice of the Fathers of the Republic, enforced by their example.

Virginia Declaration of Rights, 1776 – This declaration served as a model for bills of rights in several other state constitutions.

Founding Fathers

George Washington

George-Washington-theChristian-Book-CoverGeorge Washington’s Farewell Address – Washington’s Farewell Address is considered on of the most important and influential writings of the founding era. In fact every year since 1896, the Senate has observed Washington’s Birthday by selecting one of its members, alternating parties, to read the 7,641-word statement in legislative session.

George Washington the Christian by William J. Johnson – Originally written in 1919, William Johnson, citing dozens of letters and books puts forth the case that Washington was not, as many claim, a deist, meaning a belief in a God, but one uninvolved with the world after its creation.

George Washington, The Man and the Mason by Charles Callahan  – This volume is intended to give a personal history of Washington and his connection with Masonry and, in particular, his relation to Alexandria-Washington Lodge No. 22, of which he was the first Master.

Life of George Washington by Edward Everett – The reader will see that George Washington was emphatically a man of the people, who grew up in the midst of the people and understood them well.

Maxims of Washington by John Fred Shroeder – The Maxims of Washington is a small collection of the writings of George Washington taken by the author from public documents, private letters, manuscripts and printed volumes, with a view to the completeness and interest of the collection found within.

Pictorial Life of George Washington by John Frost – Whoever has occasion to examine carefully into the history of the period in which Washington lived, will find his reverence for the character of that illustrious man always increasing.

Rules of Civility and Decent Behavior by George Washington – This is one of the very few documents to survive from George Washington’s childhood and adolescence.

Whiskey Rebellion of 1794 by H.M. Brackenridge – This was the first use of the Militia Law of 1792 setting a precedent for the use of the militia to “execute the laws of the union, (and) suppress insurrections,” asserting the right of the national government to enforce order in one state with troops raised in other states. Even more importantly, it was the first test of power of the new federal government, establishing its primacy in disputes with individual states.

Wisdom of George Washington by Bill Bailey – The Wisdom of George Washington is unlike biographies or other publications about the Father of his country. This effort uses Washington’s own words to tell his story from his youth until his death.

John Adams

Dissertation on the Canon and Feudal Law – In this document Adams explained that the opposition of the colonies to the Stamps Act was because the act  deprived the American colonists of two basic rights guaranteed to all Englishmen, and which all free men deserved: rights to be taxed only by consent and to be tried only by a jury of one’s peers.

John Adams – Statesman of the American Revolution by Mellen Chamberlain – John Adams entered public life with the first session of the Continental Congress, which met at Philadelphia, September 5, 1774, and remained in the service of the country almost uninterruptedly until the close of his administration, March 4, 1801.

Letters of John and Abigail Adams During the Revolution by Charles Francis Adams – The Letters of John and Abigail Adams provides an insightful record of American life before, during, and after the Revolution.

Novanglus Essays by John Adams – Novanglus, meaning “New Englander,” is the pseudonym used by John Adams in 1774 and 1775 for a series of letters he published in the Boston Gazette just prior to the start of the armed conflict in America.

Thomas Jefferson

Kentucky Resolutions of 1798 – The Kentucky Resolutions asserted that states had the power to nullify unconstitutional federal laws.

Life and Morals of Jesus of Nazareth by Thomas Jefferson – The Life and Morals of Jesus of Nazareth is commonly referred to as the Jefferson Bible. This volume was kept largely secret and passed among Jefferson’s relatives until 1895, when it was discovered by the librarian at the Smithsonian. In 1904, it was published by Congress.

Life of Thomas Jefferson by B.L. Rayner – Rayner’s The Life of Thomas Jefferson was published just eight years after Jefferson’s death. It was intended to inspire the reader with a full appreciation of the distinguished deeds and writings of one of the great political leaders of this millennium.

Notes On The State Of Virginia – Notes on the State of Virginia is the only full length book written by Thomas Jefferson.

Original Draft of the Declaration of Independence – The original draft of the Declaration of Independence.

Summary View of the Rights of British America by Thomas Jefferson– A Summary View of the Rights of British America was a tract written before the U.S. Declaration of Independence in which Jefferson laid out justifications for the Boston Tea Party and the American Revolution.

True Thomas Jefferson by William E. Curtis – The True Thomas Jefferson is not a formal biography, it is intended to be a series of sketches as graphic and as accurate as possible, without partisanship or prejudice, of a remarkable man.

Virginia Act For Establishing Religious Freedom, 1786  Argues that no man shall be compelled to frequent or support any religious worship, place, or ministry whatsoever.

James Madison

Life of James Madison by Sydney Howard Gay – Madison is one of the men of whom the country has always, and with good reason, been especially proud. It was not alone that his character was high, but his qualities as a statesman have been recognized as of the first order. None of our public men has been more useful to the country.

Notes of Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 by James Madison – Notes of Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 was James Madison’s record of the daily debates held by delegates at the Philadelphia Convention, which resulted in the drafting of the current United States Constitution.

Benjamin Franklin

Poor-Richards-Almanack-Book-CoverBenjamin Franklin Autobiography – Considered to be the greatest autobiography produced in Colonial America, Franklin’s Autobiography portrays a fascinating picture of life in Philadelphia, as well as Franklin’s shrewd observations on the literature, philosophy and religion of America’s Colonial and Revolutionary periods.

Letter of Silence Dogood – Young Ben Franklin never got anything he wrote published so he wrote 14 letters under the assumed name of a woman, Silence Dogood. The letters poked fun at various aspects of life in colonial America, such as the drunkenness of locals, religious hypocrisy, and the persecution of women.

Poor Richard’s Almanack by Benjamin Franklin – Poor Richard’s Almanack was published yearly by Benjamin Franklin under the pseudonym of “Poor Richard” or “Richard Saunders”. The publication appeared continually from 1732 to 1758. It was a best seller for a pamphlet published in the American colonies; print runs reached more than 10,000 per year.

Real Benjamin Franklin – The Real Benjamin Franklin seats us across the table from the one person who really knew Benjamin Franklin — that is, Franklin himself — and gives him an opportunity to explain his life and ideas in his own words.

Way to Wealth by Benjamin Franklin – The Way to Wealth is an essay written by Benjamin Franklin in 1758. It is a collection of adages and advice presented in Poor Richard’s Almanack during its first 25 years of publication, organized into a speech given by “Father Abraham” to a group of people.

Samuel Adams

Life And Public Services of Samuel Adams by William V. Wells – His writings are evidence of his amazing industry, his courage, ceaseless vigilance, wise statesmanship, and his cheerfulness and fortitude amid disasters.

Life of Samuel Adams by James K. Hosner – In the constellation of great men, which adorned the revolutionary era few shone with more brilliancy, or exercised a more powerful influence than Samuel Adams.

Rights of the Colonists by Samuel Adams – Excerpts from the result, as quoted above, were in essence utilized by the Continental Congress in 1774, in a document called the “Declaration of Rights”, and finally in 1776 in the Declaration of Independence.

Patrick Henry

Life, Correspondence & Speeches of Patrick Henry by William Wirt Henry – This is the epic story of Patrick Henry in his own words. Remembered largely for his cry for “liberty or death,” Henry was one of the first (and most colorful) of America’s Founding Fathers—first to call Americans to arms against Britain, first to demand a bill of rights, and first to fight the growth of big government after the Revolution.

Life, Correspondence & Speeches of Patrick Henry – Volume Two by William Wirt Henry – Part Two

Life, Correspondence & Speeches of Patrick Henry – Volume Three by William Wirt Henry – Part Three

Patrick Henry – American Statesman by Moses Coit Tyler – Patrick Henry was a consistent advocate of State Rights, and was ever jealous of any infringement upon them. For that reason, he was opposed to the Federal Constitution, and in the Virginia convention, called in 1788, to consider it, he opposed its ratification with all the power of his great eloquence.

Thomas Paine

Age of Reason by Thomas Paine The Age of Reason contains his opinions of religion. In the introduction Paine writes “You will do me the justice to remember, that I have always strenuously supported the Right of every Man to his own opinion, however different that opinion might be to mine.

Common Sense by Thomas Paine – Common Sense is a pamphlet that challenged the authority of the British government and the royal monarchy. The plain language that Paine used spoke to the common people of America and was the first work to openly ask for independence from Great Britain.

Rights of Man by Thomas Paine The Rights of Man posits that popular political revolution is permissible when a government does not safeguard its people, their natural rights, and their national interests.

Other Founding Fathers

John Hancock, Patriot – John Hancock’s large contributions to the Revolutionary cause; his skillful guidance of discordant statesmen into agreement in a critical time; his efficient service in retaining the French good-will when its threatened loss would have entailed eventual defeat at Yorktown; his influence in securing the ratification of the Constitution by Massachusetts, and in consequence by a majority of the States, —all these services and responsibilities together made him a man to be reckoned with in a troubled period.

Writings of Benjamin Rush – Benjamin Rush’s pamphlets, articles, letters, and speeches mount into the thousands. He pleaded for the abolition of slavery. He argued for the amelioration of the lot of civil prisoners. He advocated the establishment of special hospitals for the insane. There was no current cause worthy of support that did not benefit from the warm heart, the outstretched hand, and the uplifted voice of Benjamin Rush.

Founding Mothers

Life of Dolley Madison by Maud W. Goodwin – Dolley Madison was First Lady of the United States from 1809 to 1817. She was notable for her social gifts and helped define the role of the First Lady.

Life of Catherine Schuyler by Mary G. Humphreys – Through the position of her own family and as the wife of General Philip Schuyler, she is a representative figure among the women of the Dutch Colony and the matrons of the Revolution.

The Life of Eliza Pinkney by Harriet H.Ravenel – Eliza Lucas Pinckney changed agriculture in colonial South Carolina, where she developed indigo as one of its most important cash crops.

Life of Martha Washington by Anne H. Wharton – The story of Martha Washington s life has not been an easy one to tell, so largely has she, as a distinct personality, been overshadowed by the greater importance of the figure that has stood beside her.

Life of Mercy Otis Warren by Alice Brown – Mercy Otis Warren, sister of James Otis, was born in Barnstable, Massachusetts September 1728. She was important as a political writer and propagandist of the American Revolution.

Founding Father Quotes

The-Essential-Abigail-AdamsThe Essential Abigail Adams – In this booklet are the most important and essential Abigail Adams quotes and her biography. References are included if you wish to research the original document.

The Essential Alexander Hamilton – In this page booklet are the most important and essential Alexander Hamilton quotes. References are included if you wish to research the original document.

The Essential Benjamin Franklin – In this booklet are the most important and essential Benjamin Franklin quotes. References are included if you wish to research the original document.

The Essential Founding Fathers – In this booklet are the most important and essential Founding Father quotes. References are included if you wish to research the original document.

The Essential James Madison – In this booklet are the most important and essential James Madison quotes. References are included if you wish to research the original document.

The Essential John Adams – In this booklet are the most important and essential John Adams quotes. References are included if you wish to research the original document.

The Essential Thomas JeffersonIn this booklet are the most important and essential Thomas Jefferson quotes. References are included if you wish to research the original document.

The Essential Thomas Paine In this booklet are the most important and essential Thomas Paine quotes. References are included if you wish to research the original document.

The Constitution

Elementary-Catechism-of-the-Constitution-Book-CoverAn Examination into the Leading Principles of the Federal Constitution by Noah Webster – This treatise, originally published anonymously, was second only to the Federalist Papers in influencing ratification of the Constitution and indirectly expounds on Noah Webster’s view of Congressional power in regards to the General Welfare.

Anti-Federalist Papers Special Edition – The arguments against ratification appeared in various forms, by various authors, most of whom used a pseudonym. Collectively, these writings have become known as the Anti-Federalist Papers.

Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States – Abridged Version by Joseph Story – Each section is very carefully laid out, and the entire book is constructed to explain the Constitution passage by passage. The logical order and a good index make this book essential for Constitutional scholars and provide ease of use for the casual historian.

Constitution of the United States – The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America.

Elementary Catechism of the Constitution by Arthur J. Stansbury – In order to help parents train their children in the principles of freedom and liberty, a famous little book was published in 1828. It was designed specifically for the schools but was also read widely by many adults who felt the need to know more about the mechanics of our system of self-government as designed for a free American society.

Essays on the Constitution of the United States Edited By Paul Leicester FordFrom an examination of over forty files of newspapers and many thousand separate issues, scattered in various public and private libraries, from Boston to Charleston, the editor has selected a series of these essays, and reprinted them in this volume.

Essential Anti-Federalist Papers – To make these important documents easy to access we went through all 85 essays and pulled out the most important passages from 85 or the best and most well read of these papers and organized them sequentially.

Essential Federalist Papers – To make these important documents easy to access we went through all 85 essays and pulled out the most important passages from 85 or the best and most well read of these papers and organized them by topic.

Federalist Papers by Hamilton, Madison and Jay – The Federalist Papers are a series of 85 articles or essays advocating the ratification of the United States Constitution.

Federalist System by John Spencer Bassett – THE winter of 1788-1789 saw the dissolution in the United States of an inefficient form of government and the inauguration in its stead of a stronger union.

Jefferson and Madison’s Guide to Understanding and Teaching the Constitution by J. David Gowdy – This publication is intended to assist teachers, students, parents, and citizens in understanding and appreciating the Constitution of the United States of America. It is designed as a handbook for studying the Constitution in the tradition of the founders, using the source documents and writings identified by them as the “best guides” to its principles and meaning.

Notes of Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 by James Madison – Notes of Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 was James Madison’s record of the daily debates held by delegates at the Philadelphia Convention, which resulted in the drafting of the current United States Constitution.

Notes of the Secret Debates of the Federal Convention of 1787 by Robert Yates – This document  is one of two primary sources of the debates in the Constitutional Convention. The author is also well known as the presumed author of the anti-federalist essays published in 1787 and 1788 under the pseudonyms “Brutus” and “Sydney”.

Principles of Constitutional Interpretation – Constitutional interpretation, or constitutional construction, the term more often used by the Founders, is the process by which legal decisions are made that are justified by a constitution.

The Philadelphia Convention – A Play For Many Readers by Catherine McGrew Jaime – This play is divided into acts and scenes since it is so long. You may want to read aloud only selected scenes, depending on your schedule. You could still assign your students the remaining portions for independent reading, since it is written as a very accurate look at the important work of the Constitutional Convention.

American Indians

The-Life-of-TecumsehChief Joseph – In His Own Words by Chief Joseph – Chief Joseph and his band of Nez Perce warriors had successfully defeated General Howard’s men on the Lolo trail, fought a drawn battle with General Gibbon at Big Hole and were rapidly retreating by a circuitous trail to join Sitting Bull in Canada, but the telegraph of the white man was working against him.

Great Indian Chiefs of Early America – This important book, originally published in 1844, details the stories of several of the Great Indian Chiefs of the original 13 colonies and early America. These are men you likely have never heard about but they played a part in the story of early America.

Indian Biographies – Volume One by B.B Thatcher – This work Indian Biographies – Volume One was published in 1832 and it is a very entertaining and enlightening read. Volume One discusses relations between the English Colonists and the various Indian tribes and their leaders.

Indian Biographies – Volume Two by B.B Thatcher – Part Two

Life of Geronimo by W. Fletcher Johnson – For this very interesting book the author interviewed Geronimo while he was  a prisoner of war. Geronimo’s band was one of the last major Native American forces to capitulate to the US Army.

Life of Sitting Bull by W. Fletcher Johnson – It is the object of the present volume to relate the story of the Sioux, more properly the Dakota Indians, and our relations with them. Of all the aboriginal people, they were the greatest, the bravest in war, the wisest in peace, the most powerful in body, the most advanced in mind.

Life of Tecumseh by Ethel T. Raymond – Tecumseh was a Shawnee chief born circa 1768 near present-day Springfield, Ohio. He opposed the United States and attempted to organize a confederation of tribes to resist white settlement.

Operations Against The Apache Indians by General George Crook – An experience obtained in eight years of service in Arizona enable me to speak with a certain authority on this question, and justifies the forwarding of this paper on a subject which, during the past year, has attracted no small degree of public attention and interest.

Photographs of Red Cloud & His Braves by Alexander Gardner – This is a photograph book of images of the Oglala Lakota tribes. The photographs were taken by Alexander Gardner, for the “Trustees of the Blackmore Museum, Salisbury, England.”

The Indian Question by Francis A. Walker – The Indian question naturally divides itself into two: What shall be done with the Indian as an obstacle to the national progress? What shall be done with him when, and so far as, he ceases to oppose or obstruct the extension of railways and settlements? It is because these two parts of the question have not been separately regarded that so much confusion has been introduced into the discussion of Indian affairs.