“America is at present divided into three classes or descriptions of men, and in a few years there will be but two.
The first class comprehends all those men of fortune and reputation who stepped forward in the late revolution, from opposition to the administration, rather than the government of Great Britain.
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The second class is composed of those descriptions of men who are certainly more numerous with us than in any other part of the globe. First, those men who are so wise as to discover that their ancestors and indeed all the rest of mankind were and are fools. We have a vast overproportion of these great men.
At the head of the third class appear the old rigid republicans, who although few in number, are still formidable. Reverence will follow these men in spite of detraction, as long as wisdom and virtue are esteemed among mankind.
They are joined by the true democrats, who are in general fanatics and enthusiasts, and some few sensible, charming madmen. A decided majority of the yeomanry of America will, for a length of years, be ready to support these two descriptions of men.”
John Francis Mercer (A [Maryland] Farmer), Anti-Federalist No. 10, “On the Preservation of Parties, Public Liberty Depends,” Maryland Gazette and Baltimore Advertiser, March 18, 1788