“The old Congress was a national government and an union of States, both brought into one political body, as these opposite powers-I do not mean parties were so exactly blended and very nearly balanced, like every artificial, operative machine where action is equal to reaction.
It stood perfectly still. It would not move at all. Those who were merely confederal in their views, were for dividing the public debt.
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Those who were for national government, were for increasing of it. Those who thought any national government would be destructive to the liberties of America assisted those who thought it our only safety-to put everything as wrong as possible.”
John Francis Mercer (A [Maryland] Farmer), Anti-Federalist No. 10, “On the Preservation of Parties, Public Liberty Depends,” Maryland Gazette and Baltimore Advertiser, March 18, 1788