“The regular distribution of power into distinct departments; the introduction of legislative balances and checks; the institution of courts composed of judges holding their offices during good behavior; the representation of the people in the legislature by deputies of their own election: these are wholly new discoveries, or have made their principal progress towards perfection in modern times.
They are means, and powerful means, by which the excellences of republican government may be retained and its imperfections lessened or avoided.”
– Alexander Hamilton, Federalist No. 9, “The Utility of the Union as a Safeguard Against Domestic Faction and Insurrection,” Independent Journal, November 21, 1787; “
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